What does a UX designer do?

I didn’t perceive the worth of person expertise (UX) design till my first official job after I’d graduated college with a level in Graphic Design.

My new inventive director on the time gave me a set of wireframes, a collection of internet pages with clean bins to signify textual content and easy block buttons, for an ecommerce web site we had been constructing for a excessive finish child carriage model in London, and my first thought was, “What do I do with this?” In school, I used to be used to taking a directive and translating that transient right into a high-fidelity, polished, last product able to be graded, multi functional fell swoop — so the in-between step of wireframing was new to me. I actually didn’t know what I used to be taking a look at.

I quickly realized I had been designing person experiences earlier than this undertaking, I simply hadn’t been doing it very properly; I used to be skipping vital steps between the thought and the ultimate product, steps that slowed down my assumptions and invited me to stroll in our customers’ footwear. Skipping this important stage of design prevented me from analyzing and enhancing the usability of the person experiences I used to be constructing.

At the moment, I’ve discovered UX design instruments, like wireframes and buyer journey maps, that we use to construction the experiences we design at Webflow, as an alternative of skipping forward to the ultimate product as I did early in my profession. Working with out UX instruments is de facto only a sluggish and costly solution to fail.

UX design as a self-discipline for constructing on-line experiences will not be as new, and is considerably extra huge, than once I first began out as a designer; our UX design practices and the general design literacy of the final inhabitants have deepened within the final 20 years! However at its core, the necessity for UX design has at all times been current: to assist expertise be extra accessible and make the ever-changing digital techniques and platforms we use extra intuitive.

As a designer with a protracted profession arc forward of them, the malleable nature of a UX designer’s job makes it all of the extra thrilling, as a result of there are innumerable prospects for working in several industries and discovering specialties inside the subject.

What do UX designers do?

A UX designer thinks by the best way individuals use one thing — whether or not digital or real-world merchandise, processes or interfaces — after which designs or redesigns parts of that have to be extra user-friendly.

Within the grand scheme of human ingenuity, UX design as a apply remains to be comparatively new, and although it’s particularly helpful in defining advanced expertise experiences, it may be utilized to assist resolve almost any downside or outline any expertise. Its influence is expansive. There are numerous flavors of UX designers relying on these numerous functions and what instruments they could use to strategy their downside set, which makes prospects for a UX profession considerably boundless.

A UX designer can, for instance, assist outline buyer experiences for SaaS (software program as a service) corporations, like Webflow or Spotify or Netflix. They are often important members of groups that construct functions or different experiences in healthcare, authorities, or schooling. Or they could select to specialize and dedicate their profession to UX analysis or UX writing.

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At Webflow, UX designers (sometimes called “product designers”) on our design staff are accountable for three fundamental areas of UX design:

  • Defining, exploring, and creating new options
  • Evaluating and testing these concepts with our audience
  • Iterating on, or refining, their work, resembling exploring various flows or layouts, primarily based on suggestions and different inputs from prospects and stakeholders

The distinction between a UX designer and a UI designer

Consumer expertise design goals to enhance the general expertise somebody has with a product, whereas UI design focuses on the precise parts of structure and interplay. Consumer expertise and person interface design jobs are carefully associated, and sometimes depend on each other, however you will need to distinguish between them. UI is usually undervalued as simply the “pores and skin” of a product or expertise, however an incredible UI designer normally has a superb grasp of UX. Vice versa, many nice UX designers can have a stable understanding of how the interface will influence the expertise.

We get to see this relationship in play all around the internet. Take Adam Ho’s new portfolio website, for example: There’s a design language used on their residence web page, with visuals that pop, fonts and colours that convey sure feelings, and a cohesive performance guiding us to discover their work: these parts should work collectively to create a unified expertise.

Or let’s have a look at a typical product teaser web site: Lasso Loop. A UX designer would have deliberately chosen all of these overarching parts like a header picture and headline, an intro video, the 2 buttons on the prime to select from. They might have found out the right way to make sure desired buyer pathways simpler (resembling the shape for reserving a product). Then, a UI designer would have laid out every ingredient on the house web page, defining precisely how every ingredient regarded, the way it was interactive (hover and focus states – guaranteeing parts are accessible), and the spacing between parts to attain the proper hierarchy of knowledge. They could select imagery, like product photographs or movies, or interactions, like parallax scroll options, being cautious to make sure the web page operated as supposed – loading rapidly and easily, and dealing seamlessly throughout many screens and gadgets.

Typically, each hats are worn by product designers who’ve a mix of each UX and UI capabilities. Regardless, an incredible UX designer normally works with UI in thoughts. (Here’s more on the key difference between UX and UI.)

What are the core talent units a UX designer must have?

UX designers are accountable for the general system that permits person experiences, so they should have a various set of expertise. General, the core talent for UX designers is the power to understand and analyze a person’s targets by analysis and empathy, permitting them to design a system that permits the person to perform their targets. In the event you’re pondering of turning into a UX designer, constructing these core expertise now will serve you properly — and demonstrating them in a portfolio can be important to practising this self-discipline professionally.

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Interrogation and evaluation

UX designers resolve issues for a dwelling, so that you’ll have to develop nice interviewing and analytical expertise. This may embody taking a look at person analytics and interviewing prospects, or observing them utilizing your designs. Probably the most highly effective query for a UX designer is “Why?”, so it’s essentially to learn to query selections and conduct.

Consumer testing and analysis

Each qualitative and quantitative analysis inform selections as a UX designer. Qualitative UX analysis expertise, like speaking to customers and conducting usability research, and quantitative analysis expertise, like evaluating metrics, may help acquire the shopper and stakeholder insights vital for constructing an incredible expertise.

Info group

You’ll want to determine the constructing blocks that form an expertise so as to redesign that have. In what context are customers coming into an expertise? What are they making an attempt to perform? What occurs once they go away the expertise? What are business finest practices and customary UX patterns? Figuring out primary info structure finest practices and the right way to apply them will make it easier to reply these questions and get began on a design.


UX designers could construct low-fidelity (paper or tough mockups) and high-fidelity (extra polished and detailed interactivity) prototypes of what they’re designing so as to take a look at concepts and rapidly get person suggestions. Prototyping helps talk concepts successfully and might be nice at shifting an idea ahead or illuminating areas for refinement in order that the designs work higher to fulfill the undertaking’s goal.


Just a little empathy goes a good distance, and that particularly applies to the UX design course of. UX designers should be capable to problem their internal private biases and make sure that they’re designing for his or her finish person and their ache factors, not for themselves.

Management and undertaking administration

Getting everybody on a staff to agree on what sort of person journey you need your organization’s goal person personas to have is a robust management alternative. Comfortable expertise resembling undertaking administration and battle decision may help meet any challenges alongside the best way of executing the above processes.

UX designers have a huge impact

People are spending increasingly time on digital platforms. The experiences individuals have whereas they have interaction with these digital platforms so regularly — and the intuitiveness of the design of these platforms — can have a big impact, whether or not on a enterprise’s income or a affected person’s well being, relying on the appliance of that UX. In ecommerce alone:

It’s the UX designer’s duty to verify the digital experiences for people who find themselves dwelling their lives on-line not solely drives them to a desired aim (like placing an merchandise in a cart, or successfully monitoring their well being), but in addition that customers discover these experiences straightforward, efficient, and possibly even pleasant!

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A number of years in the past, I had the chance to work on the UX for an app that had a huge impact on the lives of youngsters with diabetes. The aim of the app was to assist teenagers be taught to higher handle their diabetes, which is usually a problem each for them at their stage of life and for his or her mother and father. Whereas the kids favored to be on their telephones, they weren’t very motivated to trace their glucose ranges over time, so we built-in some recreation parts into our UX to make the app extra enjoyable to make use of: Sufferers would get badges and earn rewards by finishing numerous duties. This in the end elevated engagement, which helped them higher self-regulate. By designing a extra participating UX, we had been in a position to create higher well being outcomes for these sufferers.

Enhancing a person’s expertise is a rewarding course of wherein you can’t solely resolve an attention-grabbing design downside but in addition assist enhance individuals’s lives.

Recommendation for UX designers

That is an business the place specialties and requirements are consistently evolving as we be taught extra, typically higher, methods of doing issues. For that motive I strive to think about design as a really broad apply, in order to not get hung up on any single job title and even job requirement. In actuality, given time, these particulars will change. I’ve seen quite a few iterations of UX design, visible design, and product design job titles and descriptions over my profession. What does not change is the necessity for designers to be curious, to unravel issues, and to maintain an open thoughts. It’s curiosity and creativity that can equate to longevity in your profession.

My older brother gave me recommendation once I was simply beginning out as a designer that served me properly: “Within the early days, say ‘sure’ as a lot as you may, so as to embrace each alternative, nevertheless large or small.” Once you say ‘sure’, you get to be taught myriad methods to unravel issues in a hands-on setting. After you’ve got had these experiences and start to carve out your individual area of interest within the business. And I, for one, can’t wait to see what you are able to do.

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